Arms Control Security
This section describes the arms control security self assessment process recommended for evaluating a facility's readiness for on-site inspections and observation mission flights. Links to related DTIRP products are provided at the bottom of this page. For links to other security related Websites, see Quick Links on the left.
Facility Self Assessments
The United States actively promotes international arms control and is a party to a number of arms control treaties and agreements. Several of these agreements include verification regimes allowing the States Parties to conduct on-site inspection activities or observation mission flights to verify treaty compliance.
Depending on the treaty, international inspectors may have access to sensitive areas and operations at designated facilities. In certain instances, the inspectors may be allowed to conduct personnel interviews, review documents and records, take measurements, take photographs, or collect and analyze environmental samples.
These activities benefit the United States because they promote mutual trust and confidence, but these activities also create unique security challenges at affected facilities. Fences, locked entries, and other traditional security methods may not be sufficient to protect sensitive information and operations from disclosure during on-site inspections.
The United States is committed to demonstrating full compliance with its arms control treaty obligations. The arms control security challenge is to be prepared to both demonstrate treaty compliance while also protecting sensitive and proprietary information. To meet this challenge requires careful planning and the development of an effective inspection readiness plan. Conducting an arms control security self-assessment is the first step.
Self Assessment Process
The self assessment process allows facility staff to systematically analyze and evaluate the potential impact of on-site inspection activities on facility security. Facility staff will need to identify sensitive information, assets, and operations that could, potentially, be vulnerable during inspection activities. The facility's susceptibility to the verification provisions of a particular arms control treaty or agreement will also need to be determined. If the facility is not susceptible to treaty provisions, the self assessment process can be terminated at this point.
If the facility may be susceptible to treaty provisions, a determination will need to be made about the likelihood, or probability, of on-site inspection activities occurring. The threat posed by the presence of the inspection team will need to be analyzed and risk will need to be assessed. Based on these analyses and assessments, facility staff will be able to make informed decisions about the types of appropriate and cost-effective security countermeasures to be developed and applied when needed.
When to Conduct a Self Assessment
Self-assessments are conducted most often when new arms control treaties are being negotiated and when new treaties are expected to enter into force in the near future. Self assessments are also conducted when facilities acquire new assets or begin conducting new programs and operations that could, potentially, be subject to treaty provisions.
Defense contractors frequently conduct self assessments when new federal regulations are issued that impose new compliance obligations on commercial facilities and when firms begin producing new products, enter new markets, acquire existing firms, or otherwise potentially assume new treaty obligations.
When to Request Assistance
It is usually most efficient and effective for facilities to request arms control security assistance when they first become aware of their potential susceptibility to the verification provisions of an arms control treaty or agreement. Developing the level of arms control treaty implementation and security expertise required to ensure facility security is difficult and is usually beyond the capabilities of an individual facility.
DTIRP can assist facility staff with conducting an assessment by assembling a team of arms control treaty, security, and countermeasures experts tailored to the facility's unique arms control security needs. These experts have a thorough understanding of Department of Defense and Service guidance pertaining to treaty implementation and understand how treaty provisions can (and cannot) be used to either grant or limit the inspection team's access to sensitive areas and information. In addition, coming from outside the facility, team members bring fresh eyes and an open, unbiased approach to the assessment process.
For more information about DTIRP's capabilities for assisting facilities with vulnerability assessments, click here.
Related DTIRP Products
Videos on CD
Automated/Interactive Presentations on CD
Treaty Texts and References on CD (key-word searchable
Articles and Bulletins